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Candide is such a book. Penned by that Renaissance man of the Enlightenment, Voltaire, Candide is steeped in the political and philosophical controversies of the s.
But for the general reader, the novel's driving principle is clear enough: Telling the tale of the good-natured but star-crossed Candide think Mr.
Magoo armed with deadly forceas he travels the world struggling to be reunited with his love, Lady Cunegonde, the novel smashes such ill-conceived optimism to splinters. Pangloss, is steadfast in his philosophical good cheer, in the face of more and more fantastic misfortune; Candide's other companions always supply good sense in the nick of time.
Still, as he demolishes optimism, Voltaire pays tribute to human resilience, and in doing so gives the book a pleasant indomitability common to farce.
Says one character, a princess turned one-buttocked hag by unkind Fate: This ridiculous weakness is perhaps one of our most melancholy propensities; for is there anything more stupid than to be eager to go on carrying a burden which one would gladly throw away, to loathe one's very being and yet to hold it fast, to fondle the snake that devours us until it has eaten our hearts away?
The novella has been widely translated, with English versions titled Candide: It begins with a young man, Candide, who is living a sheltered life in an Edenic paradise and being indoctrinated with Leibnizian optimism or simply Optimism by his mentor, Pangloss.
The work describes the abrupt cessation of this lifestyle, followed by Candide's slow, painful disillusionment as he witnesses and experiences great hardships in the world. Voltaire concludes with Candide, if not rejecting optimism outright, advocating a deeply practical precept, "we must cultivate our garden", in lieu of the Leibnizian mantra of Pangloss, "all is for the best in the best of all possible worlds".
Candide isn't just some hectic adventure story. It really fails as literature in this regard, and certainly Voltaire's purpose was not to make you chuckle while you whiled away a few empty hours.
He would weep to think that you missed out on what he was really trying to tell you. I am not going to launch into a stuffy monologue on Leibnitz and 18th century French Catholicism, but in essence you should know that this is the essence of the story.
The philosopher Leibnitz who with Isaac Newton independently invented Calculus explained the existence of evil in the world thusly: God, in his infinite wisdom, thought of all possible worlds that he could create, and he chose this one; therefore this must be the best of all possible worlds.
Voltaire was also continually chastising the Catholic Church for it's lack of tolerance of other beliefs, and for its aristocratic pomp. Enter now the Norton Critical Edition of Candide. This book presents the 75 page story along with additional pages of various articles and essays on the times in which it was written; commentary by Voltaire and by his contemporaries; and critiques of the story by modern writers.
Sure there are always a few dull, academic essays making their mandatory appearance in a book like this, but my suggestion is just to skip them. After all there are a lot of them to choose from. Learn the story behind the story so to speak.
After all it is the background of Candide that makes Candide the forceful satire that it is. Voltaire's Amusing Intellectual Masterpiece A Customer on Jan 10, "Candide," subtitled "Optimism" and purporting to be "translated from the German of Doctor Ralph with the additions which were found in the Doctor's pocket when he died at [the Battle of] Minden in the Year of Our Lord ," is the single work of Voltaire that continues to be read and recognized as a canonical work of Western literature.
A mere seventy-five pages long, it is an amusing and, at times, cruel book that satirically lays waste to many philosophical ideas of its time while simultaneously illuminating the mind, the temperament and the personal conflicts of its author, a man who, perhaps more than any other, came to define the intellectual spirit of eighteenth century France.
At its most abstract level, "Candide" examines the age-old question of why a supposedly omnipotent, omniscient, benevolent god would create a world so afflicted with evil and suffering. This question particularly troubled Voltaire following the great Lisbon earthquake and fire in Novemberwhich killed as many as forty thousand people.
Hence, in the very first page of "Candide," the reader encounters one of literature's most famous characters, Pangloss, the learned tutor of Candide, who "gave instruction in metaphysico-theologico-cosmoloonigology.
Legs, as anyone can plainly see, were made to be breeched, and so we have breeches. Stones were made to be shaped and to build castles with; thus My Lord has a fine castle, for the greatest Baron in the province should have the finest house; and since pigs were made to be eaten, we eat pork all year round.
Consequently, those who say everything is well are uttering mere stupidities; they should say everything is for the best. At the same time Voltaire satirically challenges certain prevailing ideas, however, he also introduces a plethora of personal, political and historical references, thereby making "Candide" a sort of literary and intellectual cornucopia of Voltaire's thought.
Among these materials, "Gestation: Satire of Picaresque Optimism: Bateman on Aug 12, In Candide, Voltaire raucously lampoons: I won't ruin any of the fun for those of you who've never read it by spoiling a single thing about the story itself though.
The best thing about Candide is, for me, how telling it is of Voltaire himself.
He fancied himself an outsider and far removed from those he mocked; even during his lifetime he was considered a borderline philosopher and highly influential countercultural icon, in spite of this. Candide is one of the most laugh-out-loud stories of all time and has aged very well.
Which is very funny in a Voltairean sort of way.Define dystopian genre Explain Optimism (Shaftesbury, Pope and Leibniz) + Pangloss Refer to Eldorado as an example of utopia (religious toleration, gold, no courts) and evaluate why Candide left.
Voltaires attack on Optimism and how he exposes racism, he also exposes the lack of women rights and the injustice against them.
Tartuffe (), a play by Moliï¿½re, and Candide (), a philosophical tale by Voltaire, both deal with the question of religion in society. Extreme “piety” of this kind makes the audience feel that Tartuffe is absurd and ridiculous and wonder whether he is really as pious as he seems.
Studying The Novel Voltaires Candide. Essay about Voltaire's Candide Exposes Extreme Optimism. Philosophy of Extreme Optimism in Candide It is often said that a person's life is shaped when he or she is a child.
This is very much so with Candide - Pangloss was his tutor in "metaphysico-theologo-cosmolonigology" (Voltaire 18) since Candide was a child, and instilled into Candide's.
Essay on Voltaire's Candide - Optimism in Candide Voltaire's Candide Exposes Extreme Optimism - Philosophy of Extreme Optimism in Candide It is often said that a person's life is shaped when he or she is a child. This is very much so with Candide - Pangloss was his tutor in "metaphysico-theologo-cosmolonigology" (Voltaire 18) since Candide.
Extreme law tends to de troy the law (section IS). CLDP. Onc of the key parts of CLDP is to be found in sections Z. a pretended entry for an essay o::ompctition announced in Berne. Essay about Voltaire's Candide Exposes Extreme Optimism. Words 10 Pages. Show More.
Philosophy of Extreme Optimism in Candide Essay Candide Or Optimism, By Voltaire Sarcastically. In the novel Candide or Optimism, Voltaire sarcastically ridicules life and love, but while he criticizes the religious and philosophical leaders of his time.