While these studies provide convincing evidence for the influence and control exerted on others by the behavior of a model, a more crucial test of imitative learning involves the generalization of imitative response patterns new settings in which the model is absent. In the experiment reported in this paper children were exposed to aggressive and nonaggressive adult models and were then tested amount of imitative learning in a new situation on in the absence of the model.
In this way, the children all had similar levels of natural aggression. The experiment consisted of three stages: Stage I Children were first tested individually. A child was brought into the experimental room by the experimenter. The child was seated in this corner and the model, who was standing outside in the hallway, would be invited by the experimenter to come inside and play.
The adult model was then escorted to a corner of the room with a small table and chair, a tinker-toy set, a mallet and a five-foot inflatable Bobo doll. The original Bobo doll, oooh! After the model was seated, the experimenter left the room.
In the non-aggressive condition, the model ignored the Bobo doll and played with the tinker-toys quietly.
In the aggressive condition, the model started arranging the tinker-toys but, after a minute, turned to the Bobo doll and became aggressive. They child was told that the new room was another games room.
This began by taking the child to the new room with attractive toys. This was a means of control to ensure that all children began the next part of the experiment at a relatively same level of aggression. Stage III The child was taken to a third room where he or she was told that they could play with any of the toys in the room.
The experimenter stayed in the room because some children refused to stay alone or would end up leaving before the end of the experiment.
The room had different toys; some toys were aggressive mallet, peg board, dat guns and a three-foot Bobo doll and some were non-aggressive tea set, crayons, three bears and plastic farm animals.
The child stayed in this room for 20 minutes, during which their behaviour was observed through a one-way mirror. Observations were made after five-second intervals so a total of responses were recorded for each child. Results The results were very detailed and encompassed a whole load of things. The results were found as follows.
Imitation of physical aggression e.
The other findings of this study are as follows: Children in the aggressive condition made more aggressive responses than children in the non-aggressive condition supporting the hypothesis.
Boys engaged in more aggressive behaviour than girls supporting the hypothesis. Boys in the aggressive condition showed more aggressive behaviour if the model was male instead of female supporting the hypothesis.
Girls in the aggressive condition showed more physically aggressive behaviour when the model was MALE but engaged in more verbally aggressive behaviour if the model was FEMALE not totally supporting the hypothesis.
This is probably because these children grew up in a culture that did not include aggressive females.
Some examples of this cultural background can be seen in these quotes from the children: She was punching and fighting but no swearing.
For example, one boy and one girl said, respectively: I want to sock like Al. Type of research method This was a laboratory experiment. Independent variable There were three IVs: Dependent variable The degree of aggression shown by the children.TRANSMISSION OF AGGRESSION THROUGH IMITATION OF AGGRESSIVE MODELS1 ALBERT BANDURA, DOROTHEA ROSS, aggression toward inanimate objects, and aggressive inhibition.
The latter scale, which dealt with the IMITATION OF AGGRESSIVE MODELS menter explained that the toys were for the subject. Children exposed to non-aggressive models will reproduce less aggressive acts.
Children will imitate the behaviour of a same-sex model more than a model of the opposite sex. Boys will be more predisposed towards imitating aggression than girls. Start studying Bandura () - Transmission of aggression through imitation of aggressive models. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
Transmission of Aggression Through Imitation of Aggressive Models Independent variables: Dependent variable: Procedure 72 children, 36 boys and 36 girls were divided into three groups.
Transmission of aggression through imitation of aggressive models. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 63, From PsychWiki - A Collaborative Psychology Wiki. Transmission of aggression through imitation of aggressive models Background Albert Bandura is, perhaps, best known for his role in developing social learning theory.