The History Learning Site, 17 Mar The Catholic Reformation was the intellectual counter-force to Protestantism. The desire for reform within the Catholic Church had started before the spread of Luther.
Lutheran ideas reached England quickly. Lutheran books were soon brought to England by merchants and travellers, and a Lutheran group began to meet in Cambridge at the White Horse Tavern. Tyndale translated the New Testament into English while living abroad in the years In Octoberhe died for his views at the hands of the Imperial authorities in Vilvorde, Belgium.
On the eve of the Reformation inthe Imperial ambassador to England noted that "nearly all the people here hate the priests". An Italian diplomat wrote of the English "raging against the clergy, or would be if the King's Majesty were not curbing their fury". There had always been tension between the secular and the ecclesiastical powers in England.
By the late 15th century, the main disputes revolved around rights of sanctuary and benefit of clergy. Luther believed in depriving the clergy of much of their power and placing it in the hands of secular authorities, and some Swiss urban Protestants - particularly Thomas Erastus - denied that the church should exercise anything but persuasive power.
Anti-clerical sentiments existed even amongst those who had neither Protestant nor Erastian beliefs. Yet as the modern historians, J. Scarisbrick and Eamon Duffy have shown, many people willingly supported their local priests, and had to be pressurized by central government into "reform".
The Protestant enthusiasm of Richard Rich and Thomas Audley came a poor second to self-serving ambition. Three Bishops were also inclined to the Protestant cause: Latimer and Shaxton were tactless radicals who alienated moderates by their unwillingness to compromise.
In the Ten Articles were issued - these were sufficiently indefinite and ambiguous to be acceptable to the Lutherans. The Thirteen Articles of were similarly unclear. The Bishops Book included seven sacraments like the Catholic Church but failed to endorse transubstantiation an important Catholic doctrine.
The Injunctions of not only urged priest to educate their flocks and to keep efficient parish registers, but also commanded the destruction of "superstitious" images. Conservative reaction InHenry's fear of invasion by France or the Holy Roman Empire decreased and with it his desire for good relations with the Lutheran princes.
He ensured that Parliament passed the Act of Six Articles, a conservative document that endorsed transubstantiation and clerical celibacy. On the same day, three Catholic priests Abel, Featherstone, and Powel - who had denied the Royal Supremacy were hanged, drawn and quartered.
The Bishops Book was altered to express far more conservative, Catholic doctrine the revised version became known as the King's Book. Henry showed a real fear of the social change that Protestant notions might provoke, and in tried to prevent those below the rank of gentry from reading the Bible.The Catholic Reformation was the intellectual counter-force to Protestantism.
The desire for reform within the Catholic Church had started before the spread of attheheels.com educated Catholics had wanted change – for example, Erasmus and Luther himself, and they were willing to .
The Protestant Reformation was a series of events that happened in the 16th century in the Christian Church. Because of corruption in the Catholic Church, some people saw . The core motivation behind these changes was theological, The Catholic Church responded with a Counter-Reformation, initiated by the Council of Trent in , and a new order, as its spread was frustrated for similar reasons to those in Spain.
Netherlands. The Protestant Reformation was a major 16th century European movement aimed initially at reforming the beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. The Reformation 1, Words | 6 Pages/5(1). There is no such thing as the Catholic Reformation, although there was a Protestant Reformation in 16th century Europe.
This Reformation came out of the Christian practitioners frustration with the Catholic faith. These reformers believed that the Catholic Church was not paying attention to the.
Disdain and mistrust of the Catholic Church was the major cause for the Protestant Reformation. Reformers particularly decried the selling of indulgences and offering of forgiveness for sins in exchange for money; the practice of selling religious positions in the church was also frowned upon by those who sought to reform the church.