The ships anchored in the harbour made perfect targets for the Japanese bombers, and, because it was Sunday morning a time chosen by the Japanese for maximum surprisethey were not fully manned.
Day of Infamy By: Steve Johnson At dawn on December 7,America was at peace, although it was clear a war was coming. Nazi Germany had overrun most of Europe and was literally at the gates of Moscow. Britain was slowly starving as Nazi submarines sank the ships carrying food and medicine the British needed.
Although the United States sent huge amounts of war supplies to Britain and Russia and had greatly expanded its own Army and Navy, Americans were unwilling to go to war against enemies who had never attacked us. Adolf Hitler, ruler of Nazi Germany, was careful not to attack American ships or planes.
Without American troops, he thought he would eventually be able to wear Britain and Russia down, no matter how many planes and trucks the Americans gave their allies.
He might have been right. America had two fleets injust as it does today: The Pacific fleet was bigger, with all the aircraft carriers and most of the battleships, because it faced the very large and modern navy of Japan.
That Sunday morning, the fleet was ready to take on any navy in the world. By noon, Battleship Row was in flames. At around eight in the morning, Japanese planes swooped down onto the island after flying over the ocean for hours. American ships fought back, but Japanese planes were everywhere, and battleships have always had a hard time hitting small, fast-moving planes.
Twelve ships sank, nine more were put out of action, and more than airplanes were destroyed or badly damaged. One battleship, the USS Arizonacapsized with nearly all hands, taking over 1, American sailors with it to the bottom.
The Japanese believed that, with the Pacific Fleet out of action, America would be unable to stop Japan from taking over the oil fields of Indonesia.
Then, Japan would offer peace, and America would have no choice but to accept. They were mistaken on two counts. In World War Two, carriers were much more important than battleships, and what the Japanese carriers had done to American battleships at Pearl Harbor, American planes would one day do to Japanese battleships at the Coral Sea, Midway, and the Philippine Sea.
So the main element of American naval power in the Pacific was still intact. The other mistake the Japanese made is that America did not seek peace, but victory. Hitler declared war on the United States three days later, and, although the U. Army began mobilizing to fight Germany, the Navy and Marine Corps devoted most of their effort to Japan.
Over the next few years the Americans built over 1, combat ships and put 12 million men into the armed forces, while Japan had already mobilized all the men and ships it could find.
Furthermore, Pearl Harbor was viewed as a sneak attack by the Americans. The Japanese ambassador in Washington had been told to present a declaration of war a few minutes before the attack, but he was late, and the declaration came after Pearl Harbor had already been bombed.Pearl Harbor attack: Pearl Harbor attack, surprise aerial attack on the U.S.
naval base at Pearl Harbor on Oahu Island, Hawaii, on December 7, , by the Japanese that precipitated the entry of the United States into World War II.
The “Day of Infamy” is how we Americans have come to remember the attack on Pearl Harbor -- and we owe that phrase to the American president who knew exactly what was called for in that moment. Oct 29, · Watch video · Pearl Harbor is a U.S.
naval base near Honolulu, Hawaii, that was the scene of a devastating surprise attack by Japanese forces on December 7, Just before 8 a.m.
on that Sunday morning. Day of Infamy has 3, ratings and reviews.
Matt said: We are fast approaching the 75th anniversary of the attack on Pearl Harbor, the (in)famous Ja. Day of Infamy: The Classic Account of the Bombing of Pearl Harbor by Walter Lord and a great selection of similar Used, New and Collectible Books available now at attheheels.com - Day of Infamy: the Classic Account of the Bombing of Pearl Harbor by Walter Lord - AbeBooks.
The Infamy Speech was a speech delivered by United States President Franklin D. Roosevelt to a Joint Session of the US Congress on December 8, , one day after the Empire of Japan's attack on the US naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, and the Japanese declaration of war on the United States and the British attheheels.com: Franklin D.