Our world in medicine Our World In Medicine One of the most important factors about people's lives is the information of, the use of, and the growing knowledge of medicine. Medicine is a science that nations all over the world use.
One of the most important factors about people's lives is the information of, the use of, and the growing knowledge of medicine. Medicine is a science that nations all over the world use. It is a science because it is based on knowledge gained through careful study and experimentation.
Medicine is also an art form because it depends on how skillfully doctors and other medical workers apply their knowledge when dealing with patients. The two important goals of medicine are to save lives and to relieve suffering, which is why it is so respected.
But the medical field is not open to anyone who wants to help. It takes many long years of college and medical school to get even a license to work with medicine. Because they have to apply themselves to their job at all times, they are payed at very good wages.
Human beings have been suffering from disease since they first appeared on the earth about two and one -half million years ago. Throughout most of this time, they knew little about how the human body works or what causes disease.
But medicine has gone through many stages throughout history. In prehistoric times, people believed that angry gods or evil spirits caused disease.
To cure the sick, the gods had to be pacified or the evil spirits driven from the body. In time, this task became the job of the first "physicians". Trephining involved use of a stone instrument to cut a hole in a patient's skull.
Scientists have found fossils of such skulls that date back as far as 10, years. Prehistoric people probably also discovered that many plants can be used as drugs. For example, the use of willow bark to relieve pain probably dates back thousands of years. In the Middle East, the Egyptians began making important medical progress.
Some physicians treated only diseases of the eyes or teeth.
Others specialized in internal diseases. Egyptian surgeons produced a textbook that told how to treat dislocated or fractured bones and as well as tumors, ulcers, and wounds.
Throughout this period, sick people flocked to temples dedicated to the Greek god of healing, Asclepius, seeking magical cures. He thus became the first physician known to consider medicine a science and art separate from the practice of religion.
The Hippocratic oath, an expression of early medical ethics, reflects Hippocrates' high ideals. Galen performed experiments on animals and used his findings to develop the first medical theories based on scientific experiments.
For this reason, he is considered the founder of experimental medicine. But because his knowledge of anatomy was based on animal experiments, Galen developed many false notions about how the human body works. Rhazes, a Persian - born physician of the late 's and early 's, wrote the first accurate descriptions of measles and smallpox.
Avicenna, an Arab physician of the late 's and early 's, produced a medical encyclopedia called Canon of Medicine.
It summed up the medical knowledge of the time and accurately described many known diseases. Avicenna's work became popular in Europe, where it influenced medical education for more than years. In the 's, a medical school was started in Salerno, Italy.
It became the chief center of medical learning in Europe during the 's and 's. Other important medical schools developed after During the 's and 's, many of these schools became part of newly developing universities.
The laws against human dissection were totally relaxed during this period.- Admissions Essay - Medicine an Elusive, Tempestuous Creature We shall not cease from exploration/ And the end of our exploring Will be to arrive where we started/ And know the place for the first time T.S.
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Penicillin has truly fabricated the world of medicine into what it is today. How to cite this page. One of the beneficial impacts of medicine on our culture has been the new improvements and technology in preventing and curing diseases. Medical professionals are able to catch an infection usually before it becomes a world wide disaster or epidemic with few exceptions like HIV-AIDS.
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