Was America a country of religious and racial intolerance during this period? The black people of America and racial minorities At the beginning of the twentieth century there was more racial prejudice and animosity towards those who were not considered 'real' Americans. In there were 12 million black people living in the USA and 75 per cent of them lived in the south. There was discrimination against them and only a few had the right to vote.
Learn about the myths and realities of women's lives during the s. Overview Though the s was in many ways a period of conformity with traditional gender roles, it was also a decade of change, when discontent with the status quo was emerging. However, even though certain gender roles and norms were socially enforced, the s was not as conformist as is sometimes portrayed, and discontent with the status quo bubbled just beneath the surface of the placid peacetime society.
Although women were expected to identify primarily as wives and mothers and to eschew work outside of the home, women continued to make up a significant proportion of the postwar labor force. Millions of women who had joined the workforce during the war were displaced by returning soldiers.
Messages in popular culture and the mass media encouraged these women to give up their jobs and return quietly to domestic life. Most women, however, wished to keep their jobs, and thus women made up approximately one-third of the peacetime labor force.
Cars allowed Americans who lived in the suburbs to commute easily into urban areas for work.
Cars not only changed work and housing patterns, but also facilitated the rise of new sexual norms. They provided young couples with a place to spend time together alone, away from the prying eyes of parents and other members of the community.
This, in turn, led to a rise in premarital sex and birth rates. Thus, patterns of sexual behavior were changing even as the traditional ideal continued to insist upon marriage before sex. Between andthe largest generation of Americans, known as the baby boomerswas born. Despite societal norms that encouraged women to stay in the home and out of the workplace, approximately forty percent of women with young children, and at least half of women with older children, chose to remain in the work force.
The term nuclear family emerged to describe and encourage the stability of the family as the essential building block of a strong and healthy society. In this view, a woman played a crucial role in waging the Cold Warby keeping the family unit strong and intact.
She could do this best, it was thought, by remaining at home to take care of her husband and children, and refusing to pursue a career. Thus was a link forged between traditional gender roles and national security.
Moreover, because the Cold War was also a competition between two very different economic systems, the virtues of capitalism were touted as proving the superiority of the United States over the Soviet Union. Capitalism revolved around the exchange of goods and services in the marketplace, and so identifying with consumer culture became a way of waging the Cold War.
Women, traditionally expected to do most of the shopping for the household, were encouraged to identify as patriotic Americans by being savvy consumers. Black-and-white photograph depicting actress Lucille Ball with husband and actor Desi Arnaz. Ball is holding a finger to her lips and opening her eyes very wide, and Arnaz is making an exaggerated pout.
The photograph emphasizes their silly personalities.
Publicity photograph of Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz. I Love Lucy both confirmed and undermined s gender norms for white women, as Ball herself was a successful entertainer but her on-screen character repeatedly failed at working outside the home.
Image courtesy Wikimedia Commons. These shows portrayed the primary roles of women as wives and mothers.
Lucille Ball, in I Love Lucy, inevitably met with disaster whenever she pursued job opportunities or interests that took her outside of the household. African American women in the s It is important to remember that the ideal of domesticity was primarily aimed at middle-class white women.
African American women, as well as women of lower socioeconomic standing, were not portrayed in popular culture as wives and mothers; in fact, these women were hardly portrayed at all.
What do you think? Who benefited the most from the postwar surge in material abundance? Were there signs of discontent with the status quo of the s? Article written by Dr.Was race, class or gender impacting on the American people during the Great Depression?
Or was the Great Depression impacting more severely on racial groups, on women vs. men or upper vs. lower class? If it's the last question - the government's statistics in the Depression said 1 out of every 3 people were out of work but some historians.
In response, President Roosevelt issued Executive Order , stating that all persons, regardless of race, creed, color, or national origin, would be allowed to participate fully in .
Challenging Gender Stereotypes during the Depression: Female students at the University of Washington took on new campus roles during the Depression that challenged gender stereotypes around education, sports, and domestic and social responsibilities.
The Great Depression swept over America in the s with great force and, like. Racial and Gender Discrimination in the s White Men in the s In the s if you were white and a male, than life decided to grant you more privileges than any other race and gender in America.
GENDER ROLES AND SEXUAL RELATIONS, IMPACT OF THE GREAT DEPRESSION ONAmong the many momentous effects of the massive unemployment and deprivation caused by the Great Depression, those on gender roles and sexual relations can easily be overlooked, but they are profoundly important.
Issues of Race in the 's. The 's were a turbulent time for race relations in America. Despite the decline of such organizations as the Ku Klux Klan (which had enjoyed renewed support during the 's and 's) racism was as strong as ever in the Southern states.