It gives voice to a growing understanding that the cultural diversity of the United States is a national strength and a resource worthy of protection. Originally the word folk applied only to rural, frequently poor, frequently illiterate peasants. A more contemporary definition of folk is a social group which includes two or more persons with common traits, who express their shared identity through distinctive traditions.
It gives voice to a growing understanding that the cultural diversity of the United States is a national strength and a resource worthy of protection. Originally the word folk applied only to rural, frequently poor, frequently illiterate peasants.
A more contemporary definition of folk is a social group which includes two or more persons with common traits, who express their shared identity through distinctive traditions.
These now include "things people make with words verbal lorethings they make with their hands material loreand things they make with their actions customary lore ".
They study the groups, within which these customs, traditions and beliefs are transmitted. Transmission of these artifacts is a vital part of the folklore process. Without communicating these beliefs and customs within the group over space and time, they would become cultural shards relegated to cultural archaeologists.
These folk artifacts continue to be passed along informally within the group, as a rule anonymously and always in multiple variants. For the folk group is not individualistic, it is community-based and nurtures its lore in community.
This is in direct contrast to high culturewhere any single work of a named artist is protected by copyright law. The folklorist strives to understand the significance of these beliefs, customs and objects for the group.
For "folklore means something -- to the tale teller, to the song singer, to the fiddler, and to the audience or addressees". That meaning can however shift and morph.
The cleansing rituals of Orthodox Judaism were originally good public health in a land with little water; now these customs signify identification as an Orthodox Jew.
It continues to be created, transmitted and in any group can be used to differentiate between "us" and "them". All cultures have their own unique folklore, and each culture has to develop and refine the techniques and methods of folklore studies most effective in identifying and researching their own.
As an academic discipline, folklore studies straddles the space between the Social Sciences and the Humanities. The study of folklore originated in Europe in the first half of the 19th century with a focus on the oral folklore of the rural peasant populations. This interest in stories, sayings and songs, i.
By the turn into the 20th century, the number and sophistication of folklore studies and folklorists had grown both in Europe and North America.
This distinction aligned American folklore studies with cultural anthropology and ethnology, using the same techniques of data collection in their field research. This divided alliance of folklore studies between the humanities and the social sciences offers a wealth of theoretical vantage points and research tools to the field of folklore studies as a whole, even as it continues to be a point of discussion within the field itself.
Public sector folklorists work to document, preserve and present the beliefs and customs of diverse cultural groups in their region. These positions are often affiliated with museums, libraries, arts organizations, public schools, historical societies, etc.
Public folklore differentiates itself from the academic folklore supported by universities, in which collection, research and analysis are primary goals. Folklore was the original term used in this discipline. Its synonym, folklife, came into circulation in the second half of the 20th century, at a time when some researchers felt that the term folklore was too closely tied exclusively to oral lore.
The new term folklife, along with its synonym folk culture, is meant to categorically include all aspects of a culture, not just the oral traditions. Folk process is used to describe the refinement and creative change of artifacts by community members within the folk tradition that defines the folk process.
Other terms which might be confused with folklore are popular culture and Vernacular cultureboth of which vary from folklore in distinctive ways. Pop culture tends to be in demand for a limited time; it is generally mass-produced and communicated using mass media.
Individually, these tend to be labeled fadsand disappear as quickly as they appear. The term vernacular culture differs from folklore in its overriding emphasis on a specific locality or region.Folklore and British Cultural Studies Essay.
Folklore and British Cultural Studies As an American folklorist studying postcolonial literature in a cultural studies centre in England, I felt a bit colonized myself when, upon browsing in Fred Inglis' Cultural Studies, I read about "the large vacant spaces now being staked out by cultural studies" ().
The Meaning of Folklore Simon J. Bronner of a Puzzle in British Folk Speech Grouping Lore: Scientists and Musicians (A) Science in Folklore? Folklore in Science? he a7rmed in keywords of essay titles, was a mirror of culture, a lens for society, a key to behavior, a projection of mind.
Database of FREE Cultural Studies essays - We have thousands of free essays across a wide range of subject areas. Sample Cultural Studies essays! Folklore studies, also known as folkloristics, and occasionally tradition studies or folk life studies in Britain, is the formal academic discipline devoted to the study of folklore.
This term, along with its synonyms, [note 1] gained currency in the s to distinguish the academic study of traditional culture from the folklore artifacts. Folklore and British Cultural Studies As an American folklorist studying postcolonial literature in a cultural studies centre in England, I felt a bit colonized myself when, upon browsing in Fred Inglis' Cultural Studies, I read about "the large vacant spaces now being staked out by cultural studies" ().
British Anthropological Study of Folklore Essay British Anthropological Studies of Folklore ENG70N-B6 Reported by: Niña L. Azumbrado Folklore and Anthropology Anthropologists view folklore as a means to understand the views of a culture.