History[ edit ] Ancient and medieval[ edit ] The use of prisons can be traced back to the rise of the state as a form of social organization. Corresponding with the advent of the state was the development of written languagewhich enabled the creation of formalized legal codes as official guidelines for society. The best known of these early legal codes is the Code of Hammurabiwritten in Babylon around BC. This notion of punishment as vengeance or retaliation can also be found in many other legal codes from early civilizations, including the ancient Sumerian codes, the Indian Manama Dharma Astrathe Hermes Trismegistus of Egypt, and the Israelite Mosaic Law.
Part 1 Part 2 Part 3 Examples Crime and Gangster Films are developed around the sinister actions of criminals or gangsters, particularly bankrobbers, underworld figures, or ruthless hoodlums who operate outside the law, stealing and violently murdering their way through life.
In the s, a new type of crime thriller emerged, more dark and cynical - see the section on film-noir for further examples of crime films.
Criminal and gangster films are often categorized as post-war film noir or detective-mystery films - because of underlying similarities between these cinematic forms. Crime films encompass or cross over many levels, and may include at least these different types of films: Essay on crime against women they glorify the rise and fall of a particular criminal sgang, bank robber, murderer or lawbreakers in personal power struggles or conflict with law and order figures, an underling or competitive colleague, or a rival gang.
Headline-grabbing situations, real-life gangsters, or crime reports have often been used in crime films.
Exotic locales for crimes often add an element of adventure and wealth. Writers dreamed up appropriate gangland jargon for the tales, such as "tommy guns" or "molls. Rivalry with other criminals in gangster warfare is often a significant plot characteristic. Crime plots also include questions such as how the criminal will be apprehended by police, private eyes, special agents or lawful authorities, or mysteries such as who stole the valued object.
They rise to power with a tough cruel facade while showing an ambitious desire for success and recognition, but underneath they can express sensitivity and gentleness. Gangster films are often morality tales: Often from poor immigrant families, gangster characters often fall prey to crime in the pursuit of wealth, status, and material possessions clothes and carsbecause all other "normal" avenues to the top are unavailable to them.
Although they are doomed to failure and inevitable death usually violentcriminals are sometimes portrayed as the victims of circumstance, because the stories are told from their point of view. They date back to the early days of film during the silent era. In fact, even Edwin S. It was also the earliest known film featuring Sherlock Holmes.
Also, The Adventures of Sherlock Holmesreleased by Vitagraph although now a lost film has been considered the first Sherlock Holmes film since it was created for a theatrical audience rather than as a one-person Mutoscope production.
The story was about a poor, virtuous, and vulnerable Little Lady Lillian Gish who was threatened, victimized and terrorized by Snapper Kid Elmer Booth - the gangster leader of a gang known as the Musketeers. Based on the novels of Marcel Allain and Pierre Souvestre, Fantomas was released as five separate films, running roughly an hour each.
Other characters included police inspector Juve Edmund Breon and newspaper journalist Fandor Georges Melchiorwho worked to bring down the arch-villain-thief a master of disguiseswho also committed identity theft and murder.
The five episodes were: Traffic in Souls aka While New York Sleepsa six-reel melodrama, was a "photo-drama" expose of white slavery entrapment of young women into prostitution at the turn of the century in NYC, although the film exploitatively promised steamy sex in its advertisements.
Mutual released The Gangsters and the Girla short starring Charles Ray as undercover Detective John Stone investigating neighborhood urban gangs and a wrongly-condemned slum girl. He grew up to become a drunken gangster prone to gambling due to repressive social conditions in his environment.
The upcoming s decade was a perfect era for the blossoming of the crime genre. It was the period of Prohibition, grimy and overpopulated cities with the lawless spread of speakeasies, corruption, and moonshiners, and the flourishing rise of organized gangster crime.
Expressionistic German Crime Films: Three German directors contributed a number of expressionistic black and white crime films, noted for chiaroscoro lighting, sharp-angled shots, and monstrous characters i.
He used his power of hypnotism to commit crimes, through his performing somnambulist Cesare Conrad Veidt. She tempted him under the moonlight in a swamp, persuading him to devise a murderous plan to kill his pure, innocent wife Janet Gaynor - by drowning her during a trip to the City.
German director Fritz Lang also released several important silent crime films - influential post-war films that helped to launch the entire genre in the s, including a series of Dr.
Mabuse films about a mastermind character: Mabuse, The Gambler Parts I and II - a two-part silent crime melodrama about an evil, criminal boss capable of disguise, conspiracy, and tremendous hypnotic powers.
The Testament of Dr. Mabuse aka Das Testament das Dr. The film was noted for a spectacular car chase scene, explosions, and murders.
The government interpreted the film as subversive and having anti-Nazi sentiments - causing Lang to hurriedly leave Germany he soon relocated in the US and ended up directing in Hollywood by Mabusespotlighted the same arch-criminal character. It was an expressionistic psychological thriller about a child molester serial killer.
The pedophile-psychopath was identified as Hans Beckert Peter Lorre - his coat back was marked in chalk with the letter "M. The events of the Prohibition Era until such as bootlegging and the St. Movies flaunted the archetypal exploits of swaggering, cruel, wily, tough, and law-defying bootleggers and urban gangsters.Argumentative Essay Topics From Team At Essay Basics Click To See Examples Of Argumentative Writing.
When it comes to essay writing professors usually supply students with topics to write attheheels.comr, there are cases when a student is free to write on any topic he wishes. A comprehensive, coeducational Catholic High school Diocese of Wollongong - Albion Park Act Justly, love tenderly and walk humbly with your God Micah In opposition to hate crime legislation: In support of hate crime legislation: The legislation is not needed.
"Every crime they cover is already illegal under existing state and local attheheels.com legislation is needed. Protecting a group under hate crimes legislation will make the public aware that the group is vulnerable, has been extensively victimized in the past, and is in need of protection.
A total of 2,44, incidents of crime against women (both under IPC and SLL) were reported in the country during the year as compared to 2,28, in the year recording an increase of % during the year Browse Subjects.
Click on a Subject Area link below to view books in that area and sort by title, author, format, date published, or price. Click on a Library, Publishing Partner, or Series link below to view all titles in that collection in series order. A prison, also known as a correctional facility, jail, gaol (dated, British and Australian English), penitentiary (American English), detention center (American English), remand center, or internment facility (commonly used term in military theatres of war/involvement) is a facility in which inmates are forcibly confined and denied a variety of freedoms under the authority of the state.