Development[ edit ] A map showing approximate areas of various Mississippian and related cultures. Cahokia is located near the center of this map in the upper part of the Middle Mississippi area. Although some evidence exists of occupation during the Late Archaic period around BCE in and around the site,  Cahokia as it is now defined was settled around CE during the Late Woodland period. Mound building at this location began with the emergent Mississippian cultural period, about the 9th century CE.
History[ edit ] Archeologists ascribe the earthwork mounds Cahokia complex to the Mississippian culturean earlier indigenous people who are not believed to have been ancestral to the Illini.
The city site reached its peak in the 13th century and was abandoned centuries before European contact. The Cahokia Native Americans of the Illini did not coalesce as a tribe and live in the Illinois area until nearly the time of French contact years ago.
During the next years, Cahokia became one of the largest French colonial towns in the Illinois Country. It was centrally located for trading Indian goods and furs, and grew to about 3, inhabitants.
Its thriving business district reflected a frontier society numerically dominated by needy males, as it had 24 brothels. The nearby town of Kaskaskia on the Mississippi River founded became the region's leading shipping port, and Fort de Chartres founded was developed by the French as a military and governmental command center.
As settlement expanded, the relationship between the settlers and the Indians continued to be peaceful. Settlers were mostly Canadien migrants whose families had been in North America for a while.
Only Fort Kaskaskia built was destroyed in the conflict, and Cahokia remained regionally important for another four decades. In the treaty ending the war, France ceded large parts of what it called the Illinois Country east of the Mississippi River to the British, including the area of Canada.
Many French-speaking residents of Cahokia and elsewhere in what had been Upper Louisiana moved west of the river to territory still controlled by the French rather than live under British rule. Many moved to Lower Louisianawhere they founded new Canadien villages on the west side of the Mississippi River, such as Ste.
Genevieve, Missouri and St. Cahokia and Kaskaskia and the rest of Illinois County officially became part of the United States by the Treaty of Parisby which the United States took over former British territory west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Meanwhile, Cahokia "heads of household" pledged loyalty to the Continental Congress of the United States. After Congress passed the Northwest Ordinance in and established a governmental system for the territory, the Cahokia Courthouse was adapted for use as a United States territorial courthouse.
Cahokia continued as a major political center for the next 24 years. Flood-prone Kaskaskia became the governmental seat of the Illinois Territoryuntil the territorial seat was moved to Vandalia, Illinoisand in became the county seat of Randolph County.
Cahokia became the seat of St. Clair County, named by and after Arthur St. Clairthe first territorial governor. Clair County was enlarged in andGovernor William Henry Harrison and later territorial secretary and acting governor Nathaniel Pope named the Cahokia Courthouse as the legal and governmental center of a sizeable area extending to the Canada—U.
Byother counties and territories had been organized, and St. Clair County became its current size. The county seat was moved to the more centrally located Belleville, Illinois incorporated and as a city in when a local developer offered to donate land for a new county courthouse and seat.
In the late s, Cahokia annexed some population and territory, increasing its population by more than 15, in Falling Springs, natural beauty in Cahokia area.Hours & Admission Admission.
Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site, administered by the Illinois Historic Preservation Agency, is just eight miles from downtown St. Louis near Collinsville, Illinois, off Interstates and , and Illinois , on Collinsville road. Cahokia is a village in St.
Clair County, Illinois, United States which is in the Greater St. Louis metropolitan area. As of the census, 15, people lived in the village, a decline from 16, in The name refers to one of the clans of the historic Illini confederacy, who met early French explorers to the region.
Early European settlers .
Oct 31, · Our open-close schedule for the Interpretive Center does change periodically, depending on budget and staffing. Currently we are now open 6 days a week, closed on Mondays/5(). Of the 70 mounds and earthworks on site at Cahokia Mounds, the following are the most celebrated: Monks Mound: Monks Mound is the largest structure at Cahokia Mounds and covers more than 14 acres at its attheheels.com was home to the governing chief and was also the site of important ceremonies.
A gaggle of rambunctious fifth-graders scrambled to the top of the foot-high Monks Mound to get a great view of the Gateway Arch in downtown St. Louis and burn off.
Preserving the remains of an ancient Native American city near Collinsville, Illinois, the Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site is across the Mississippi River from St. Louis, attheheels.comng more than 2, acres, Cahokia is the most sophisticated prehistoric Native civilization north of Mexico.