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Industrialization, Urbanization, and Immigration Business and industrialization centered on the cities. The ever increasing number of factories created an intense need for labor, convincing people in rural areas to move to the city, and drawing immigrants from Europe to the United States.
As a result, the United States transformed from an agrarian to an urban nation, and the demographics of the country shifted dramatically. Immigration Roughly 10 million European immigrants settled in the U.
Nearly all of these immigrants were from northern and western Europe, which was the traditional point of origin for European immigrants to the United States. During the s, though, new immigrants began to come to the United States: Greeks, Slavs, Armenians, and Jews from various countries.
While the West also experienced an influx of European immigrants, it mostly attracted immigrants from China. Lured by the prospect of earning money by working on the expanding western railroad system, many Chinese immigrants settled in California.
Many immigrants found the transition to American life difficult, despite their efforts to ease the transition by founding churches and charity organizations. Often poor, immigrants lived in dirty, crowded conditions and worked unskilled jobs in potentially dangerous factories.
More thaninjuries to workers were reported each year in the s and s. In the presidential election ofboth major party platforms included anti-immigration measures, and in Congress passed the Chinese Exclusion Act, placing a ten-year ban on Chinese immigration.
One such feature was the spread of tenements, which were narrow four- or five-story buildings with few windows, limited plumbing and electricity, and tiny rooms often packed with people, mostly blacks and immigrants. Tenements were the main housing available in slums and ghettos, the segregated communities into which blacks and immigrants were forced by poverty, prejudice, even law.
These ghettos fostered disease, high infant mortality, and horrific levels of pollution, and were often the site of racial and ethnic strife. While tenements housed the poor, plush areas arose to house the rich.
Developments sprung up around many of the major cities, their cleanliness and preservation of green spaces a sharp contrast to the cities they abutted. Electric streetcars, commuter trains, and trolleys ferried these inhabitants to and from their city jobs. Machine Politics Local politics during this era were marked by machine politics, so called because the system and the party, rather than individuals, held power.
In virtually every region of the U. These bosses often controlled the jobs of thousands of city workers and influenced the activities of schools, hospitals, and other city-run services.
Presidents The presidents of this period were generally weak, pro-business, and never served more than one term in office with the exception of Grover Cleveland, who served two non-consecutive terms. None of these presidents are terribly important in terms of the test, though it is helpful to have a general sense of the politics of the nation during the period.
We have included a quick overview of each administration so you can keep track of all the political turnover. James Garfield, elected inwas fatally shot four months after taking office. Grover Cleveland served as president from to He pushed for a reduction of tariffs, and, inhe signed the Interstate Commerce Act into law.
Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. A free inside look at Immigration Attorney reviews for other companies. Company reviews and salaries posted anonymously by employees 20 Companies Hiring for the Best Jobs In America; Glassdoor has employee reviews from 8 Immigration Attorney employees. Read reviews. Get . This blog post reviews the large number of legal developments over the last year in these two fields, assessing firstly the controversies over EU citizens’ free movement rights and secondly the tensions in EU immigration and asylum law between immigration control and .
Benjamin Harrison was president from to A pro-business Republican, he supported high protective tariffs, and brought about a severe economic depression beginning in Grover Cleveland won a second term from to He is the only president to serve two terms out of sequence. His second term was dominated by efforts to deal with the economic depression that started inunder Benjamin Harrison.
The Struggles of Farmers Farmers found themselves on the bottom rungs of the economic ladder after the Civil War. They struggled to pay off mounting debts as land prices rose but crop prices plummeted.
Struggling farmers demanded help from state and federal governments. When this relief did not come, Midwestern farmers banded together to form the Grange in Bythe Grange had more thanmembers. The Grange offered farmers education and fellowship through biweekly social functions, at which farmers shared their grievances and discussed agricultural and political reforms.
To increase farm profits, Grangers negotiated deals with machinery companies and set up cooperatives and grain storage facilities. They also fought against railroad companies for hiking prices for short-distance shipment.
The efforts of the Grange played a big role in the passage of the Interstate Commerce Act.Immigration; Insurance DOL Cancels 80/20 Rule for Tipped Employees by: OFCCP Issues Two New Directives Addressing Focused Reviews and Religious Discrimination.
Friday, August 10, APS believes deeply in ensuring equity and has policies in place that mandate no discrimination, harassment, or bullying for students, families, or employees based on race, ethnicity, religion, national origin, immigration status, and many other protected classes.
Executive Office for Immigration Review, EOIR. EEO COMPLAINT DATA. 1 st Quarter. FY 2 nd Quarter. FY 3 rd Quarter. FY 4 th Quarter.
Termination: V. Final agency actions involving discrimination during the quarter broken down by hearing/no hearing and basis/issue.
A systematic review of the literature was conducted to assess and understand how these immigration policies and laws may affect both access to health services and .
As Jessie Daniels explained in a piece on the Racism Review website called “St. Patrick’s Day, Irish-Americans and the Changing Boundaries of Whiteness,” the Irish faced marginalization as newcomers to the United States in the 19th century.
Socialist Review, a revolutionary, We were also encouraged into the public sector through "positive discrimination". Ironically, because black people are more heavily concentrated in the public sector, we're being disproportionately hit by the cuts!
My kids (I've got three in their late teens and 20s) don't face the cutting edge of.