California oil and gas industry In the state was the 13th largest producer of natural gas in the United States, with a total annual production of billion cu feet of gas. California businessmen[ edit ] In a new California Assembly created a new railroad commission with vastly enlarged powers and brought public utilities under state supervision. Organized businessmen were the leaders of both of these reforms. The driving force for railroad regulation came less from an outraged public seeking lower rates than from shippers and merchants who wanted to stabilize their businesses.
Download as a Word Document The s were marred by the worst economic depression in the history of the United States. Politically the nation was transformed dramatically, leaving behind a much different federal government and a much stronger executive branch.
The most fundamental change, however, was the social and psychological impact that the Great Depression had on people.
For many, the Great Depression challenged their faith in the American Dream and created a sense of helplessness that affected them deeply. Between "Black Thursday" October 24, and "Black Tuesday" October 29, stock prices plummeted and billions of dollars were lost by investors.
Most people, however, did not have their life savings tied up in the stock market. The fallout from the crash, however, devastated the economy and drove thousands of banks into bankruptcy.
For farmers, the Great Depression had been creeping up on them for most of the s. In the early s, their struggle was made worse by a devastating series of long droughts. The extra dry conditions killed off much of the crops planted by farmers, leaving insufficient vegetation to hold the soil in place.
Native grasses had developed long roots to seek out water in times of drought, roots which also served to hold the soil in place. With those grasses gone, crops dying, and the topsoil lying exposed in long furrows, strong winds were able to easily erode the land.
The Dust Bowl The severe drought conditions combined with farming techniques created the "perfect storm" conditions for the Dust Bowl.
In great "black blizzards" began to occur. These "blizzards" were dust storms of immense proportions. The loose topsoil was whipped up and blown by the winds, leaving everything in its path coated in a fine dark silt.
Massive storms picked up thousands of acres of soil and carried it all the way to the East Coast. These storms continued throughout the s, displacing millions upon millions of tons of topsoil. The Dust Bowl destroyed the livelihood of hundreds of thousands of farmers in the Great Plains region.
Economically farmers had been suffering for a decade or more, the Dust Bowl made conditions even worse, pushing many into bankruptcy and foreclosure.
They were left with few choices - find work as laborers, or to move and try to find opportunity elsewhere. Agribusiness and Mechanized Farms Foreclosed farmland was often sold to large landowners: Crops like wheat and cotton lend themselves well to mechanized planting and reaping, and tractors replaced the labor of hundreds of people.
When an agribusiness took over the land of family farmers like the Joads, that land was combined with farms surrounding them which had been foreclosed on. One tractor could do the work that several families had been doing. As a result, there were few jobs available as farm laborers or tractor drivers.
When the families lost their land, there was little chance that they could continue to work as farmers or laborers. The tractor had replaced them. For several hundred thousand farmers in the Dust Bowl region, the only answer seemed to be to move - particularly out to California.
Handbills, or flyers, advertised the abundance of jobs and land available in California.
California agriculture relied, and still relies, on migrant farm laborers for the harvest seasons.() Musician. California Connection: Career based in Bakersfield, Calif. Achievements: Country music legend Buck Owens was a pioneer of the raw-edged country music that came out of Bakersfield’s honky-tonk bars, known as the Bakersfield Sound.
California reservoirs now stand at % of historical average storage for this date, and lots of water is being allowed OUT of reservoirs to keep the levels low enough to provide flood protection for the remainder of the rainy season. In after being caught in the chaotic center of the "commie-queer" baiting scandal at Smith College and dubbed by the press as one of “the porn professors”, Joel Dorius could only find work teaching in Europe, far removed from the media scandal in the U.S.
And, again in when the mid-western "Dust Bowl" immigrants who settled the Alisal district of Salinas during the depression took on the Associated Farmers over wages as members of the AF of L affiliate, the Vegetable Packers Association. Descriptive Essay: ' Candy ' - Like a kid in a candy store Not unlike other Mobilots release, design and theme makes up a key part of Sugar and Ice.
Placed in the middle of the screen, the reels are set against the backdrop of snowflakes.
Powerpoint on Salinas Valley, California. For english class. Powerpoint on Salinas Valley, California. Salinas Valley During the Great Depression Many people came to Salinas Valley during the Great Depression to get away from the Dust Bowl People were able to buy land cheap (with no electricity, gas or water) Life was simple and nobody.