The issues relating to the establishment of towns are ones that have given rise to controversy among researchers, and have sometimes been outside their area of expertise. This is because the foundation of towns was seen as the culmination of several centuries of consistent development. Mediaeval Masovia is a prime ex- ample of this, where the elements of an old social order were to evolve slowly and in an orderly manner.
But, the question is, why is this so?
There are many reasons for it that actually make a lot of sense. Perhaps the first and most important cause for urban density in Europe is the high price of gas. Some countries have gas that costs up to four times what is charged in the United States.
This would greatly increase the cost of commuting in Eurpoean cities thus encouraging citizens to live closer to where they work. And since many people would not be able to afford the commute, the city becomes denser.
Sales taxes on cars are much higher in European cities so they are not as affordable or available to the general public as they are in the United States. Also, electricity costs are extremely high in Eurpean cities so many people need to make frequent trips to the grocery store because they have a small refrigerator if any.
Being in downtown is thus more convenient for these trips that need to be made so often.
In Europe, it can be more profitable to be a farmer because of the large agricultural subsidies that allow farmers to live on the urban fringes. In Europe, many more resources are put into mass transit instead of highways so many people take advantage of the various rail and bus systems and end up living in a more dense setting closer to where they need to travel on a daily basis.
European cities have been around for centuries long before mass transit and automobiles were developed so their lifestyles have adapted to this. They have also had longer to establish themselves as a city and work out the problems that many US cities are facing today.We choose five representative countries from northern Europe, western Europe, southern Europe and eastern Europe and find that the Gini coefficient in northern and western European countries is generally below the EU average of , except Britain under the Anglo-American model ().
Even if a comparison between two cities lying on two different continents is almost impossible, this study may provide some explanations for the differences between European and American cities, particularly Bucharest, .
It is common knowledge that European cities are much smaller and denser than American cities. But, the question is, why is this so? There are many reasons for it that actually make a lot of sense. Nov 25, · Europe: The European Parliament (Europarl or EP) is the directly elected parliamentary body of the European Union (EU).
Together with the Council of the European Union (the Council), it forms the bicameral legislative branch of the Union’s institutions and has been described as one of the most powerful legislatures in the world. Urbanization is reaching a new peak in the contemporary world with the rise of mega cities.
Researchers try to make sense of these large urban areas using a variety of concepts. The class will review debates and present social science models of cities to analyse and compare contemporary developments. Recent urban expansion is consequently almost all geared towards the automobile.
Therefore, there are significant differences in the density of cities across the world, in addition to a variety of density gradients are observed within cities. The differences are particularly prevalent between North American and European cities.